BAIF BAIF

Program Interventions

Research

One of the major challenges for MITTRA is bringing in low cost technologies for improving livelihoods of small and marginal farmer. MITTRA is on a constant lookout for such technologies. It is extremely important to adopt a systematic approach, which necessitated establishment of Green and Appropriate Technologies Resource Centre (GATRC).

The objective of GATRC is to consolidate learning, incubate new and locally relevant ideas and transfer them for the benefit of small and marginal farmers. GATRC aims at systematic and efficient resource utilization on farms which includes new crops, sustainable farming practices, water resource development and its use. GARTC aims for adaptation and promotion of low cost appropriate agricultural technologies for sustainable development.

Green technologies as commonly understood is the application of technologies that are profitable, environmentally benign and sustainable. Sustainability is the core of green technologies and in the context of the small farmer; efforts have to be directed towards steering agriculture onto a more sustainable path. Green technology solutions thus need to be socially equitable, economically viable and environmentally sound.

Approach

- Introduction and evolution of new crop varieties and cultivation practices.

- Promotion of low cost technologies for sustainable agriculture.

- Capacity building of farmers and staff.

- Consolidation of people's knowledge on local crops and conservation of germplasm.



Highlights

Promotion of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for Small and Marginal Farmers of Maharashtra.

The system of Rice Intensification (SRI) involves single and young seedlings transplantation with care instead of conventional method of multiple and matures seedlings from the nursery. SRI spaces rice plants more widely and does not depend on continuous flooding of rice fields.

It uses lesser seed, chemical inputs and promotes soil biotic activities in and around plant roots, enhanced through liberal applications of compost and weeding with a rotating hoe that aerates the soil.

Information about SRI work in MITTRA:

Sr. No. Districts Clusters (Numbers) Villages (Numbers) Farmers (Numbers) Total Area (Acre)
1 Thane, Raigad 9 20 353 74.4
2 Dhule, Shahada 2 3 60 60
3 Chandarpur, Gadchiroli Nagpur, Gondia 14 50 434 425.53
4 Nasik 3 26 240 70
Total 28 99 1087 629.93


Advantages of SRI :

  1. Saving on inputs like seed and water
  2. Incidence of pests and diseases is low
  3. Seed multiplication possible with less quantity of parent seed.
  4. Increase in grain and fodder yield
  5. More resistant to lodging as SRI provides stronger tillers and extensive root.
  6. Reduced harvesting duration (by 10 days)
  7. Maximum use of existing resources

Comparison of SRI method with traditional one: Case of plantation in Thane district.

Treatment Type Traditional SRI % increase (+)/ decrease (-)over Traditional
Variety Karjat 3 Karjat 3 --------
Height of plant (ft ) 72 86 19.2
Av. Tillers  Number per plant 16 22 37.5
Av. Effective tillers -Number per plant 16 21 31.3
Maturity days 110 102 -7.2
No. of grains in panicle 76 87 14.4
Empty grains in panicles 11 5 -54
Grain Yield ( KG)  1 x 1 sq.meter. 0.34 0.47 38
Straw Yield      ( KG) 1 x 1 sq.meter. 1.76 2.2 25


Conservation, revival and sustainable use of crop genetic resources and promotion of sustainable Agriculture practices

Objectives:

This program has been initiated in Jahwar and Nandurbar district of Maharashtra with the following objectives:
  • To revive and conserve diversity of landraces and local knowledge associated with it with special focus on food security, risk mitigation and livelihood development.
  • To undertake agronomical and morphological characterization of crop landraces along with trials for productivity enhancement of worthy cultivars under organic agriculture practices.
  • To encourage establishment of community managed seed banks and village level seed production and multiplication.


Approach:

  • Promotion of on-farm seed banking and exchange of seeds within and between groups and villages
  • Participatory varietal selection through indigenous knowledge coupled with scientific approach.


Achievements (April 2010-March 2011)

  • Agronomical and morphological characterization of paddy-135 landraces, finger millet-25 , Proso millet-10 done at 7 in-situ experimentation centres in Jawhar Taluka.
  • Nutritional characterization of 14 paddy landraces which claimed by tribal as medicinal and nutritional importance had been done.
  • Established central seed bank has a collection of  300 landraces of different types of crops such as paddy, millets, pulses,  tubers, and vegetables)
  • Produced and distributed about 2500 kg paddy seed of 14 paddy landraces in 7 villages in Jawhar Taluka through 2 community seed banks.
  • Successful conservation of vegetable and tuber crop landraces through kitchen gardens.
  • Seed pallet method of paddy cultivation demonstrated at 2 places in Jawhar Taluka.
  • Maize and sorghum Germplasm conservation programme is initiated in Dhadgaon block of Nandurbar District. Six landraces of millets and six landraces of Sorghum are collected.
  • Summer paddy cultivation program is initiated in Palghar and Dahanu clusters in Thane district (37 farmers) and 25 paddy landraces are under conservation and revival phase.
  • About 350 farmers are involved   in community seed production program of indigenous paddy landraces.
  • Reached to approx. 3000 farmers through exhibitions of local landraces, rallies of seed savers and awareness programs on organic agriculture.

STUDY OF YIELD PERFORMANCE OF MANGO AND CASHEW IN THANE AND NASIK DISTRICT

Objective of the study is to record of variation in practices adapted by wadi farmers and to indentify practices that give optimum yield. Data from five farmers of each batch of plantation in Pein and Jawhar is being collected.


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Recording of growth observations in mango at Jawhar

Tree marking

Comparative Study of Conventional Crop Management Practices & Package of Practices Recommended By Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola (PDKV) In Soybean Crop.

The study was undertaken in Ralegoan (Yavatmal) , Nandura (Buldhana) , Washim (Washim) blocks.  There was 13.4 % increase in productivity with PDKV recommended practices over the conventional practices and increase in net profit/ acre by Rs. 2228.  The higher income realized was due to saving in the input cost. 


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Seed dressing in Soybean

Soyabean Trial plot

Growth and Yield Response of Paddy to Application of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Techniques


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SRI plot at Anjeneri (Trimbak)

Data collection at the field level


This study was undertaken in Trimbak block of Nasik district between May to November 2011 on 58 families. It was found that increase in grain production with adoption of SRI technique is 64 % higher over the traditional system.


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